America’s Sea Services consist of the U.S. Navy, U.S. Marine Corps, U.S. Coast Guard and Maritime Administration. These Services provide for the general defense and security of the nation. The Navy League’s mission is in support of these services, including materiel, personnel and policies.
There are other maritime administrations which are included in and counted as part of America’s total seaborne forces. One of them, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, maintain a variety of ocean-going vessels for weather and other environmental monitoring procedures.
U.S. NavyBorne from the days of the American Revolution, led by perhaps the most famous American Sailor – John Paul Jones – the U.S. Navy has earned its reputation on the skill of its members and the decks of vessels built using American engineering and technology. Following the Revolutionary War, the original Continental Navy was disbanded. Within a few years, there were pressing needs for a real Navy, and so the U.S. Navy was established by Congress on April 30, 1798. Successful campaigns against the Barbary Coast pirates and the British (War of 1812) set the stage for America’s developing sea power in the coming century. The passing of the Cold War has shifted focus to extremely advanced ships requiring increasingly smaller crews.
Strategic locations become an integral part of defense posture, and the U.S. Navy commands most of the world’s surface. The future shift of potential conflict scenarios puts the Navy and Pearl Harbor in the center of the universe of Pacific Region operations.
U.S. Marine Corps
Founded on November 10, 1775, the Marine Corps was initially organized to fight in the American Revolution. After the war, the Marine Corps was disbanded (like the Continental Navy) and later reactivated by Congress in 1798. They participated in the naval engagements with the Barbary Coast pirates, and the War of 1812. U.S. Marines have served with distinction, honor and success. Over the years, a welcome sign that the tide of war could be turned was the simple statement: The Marines have landed!
U.S. Marine Corps Technological advancements have changed strategic and tactical engagements, but it still takes a Soldier to get in and get the job done. The ever faithful Corps will be using technology both in training and warfare to outsmart the enemy and emerge the victor. Nothing is left to chance. Semper Fi.
U.S. Coast Guard
The U.S. Coast Guard dates from August 4, 1790, when Congress authorized the construction of “ten boats for the collection of revenue.” First known as the Revenue Marine, it later became the Revenue Cutter Service; in 1915 the latter was combined with the Life Saving Service into a single organization called the U.S. Coast Guard. The Coast Guard operated as part of the Department of the Treasury until its transfer to the newly created Department of Transportation on April 1, 1967. The aftermath of 9-11 moved them to the new Department of Homeland Security. This greatly enhanced their ability to recapitalize with new ships and equipment. Hawaii lies in Coast Guard District 14, and monitors all harbor activities of every kind.
U.S. Maritime Administration
U.S. Merchant MarineMerchant ships provided the lifeline for goods and communication between the American colonies and Great Britain. The colonists soon became skillful shipbuilders and sailors. An abundance of timber along the coast from Maine to Virginia encouraged ship construction and the development of a lively international trade.
Merchant Mariners live the untold story. The maritime industry covers so broad a range of services as to amaze anyone. Plying both foreign and domestic seas, merchant mariners keep our Navy ships and local storekeepers replenished, and keep our domestic economy strong. During the American Revolution, the merchant fleet contributed substantially to the American victory.
The merchant marine is the ultimate professional sailor. They serve on ships of all sizes, classes and flags. The United States Navy, through its Military Sealift Command, utilizes the merchant marine for his/her invaluable skills and seamanship and onboard MSC vessels, comprise most of the crew. Such vessels may also carry small complements of Navy personnel for security purposes.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationThe National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration – NOAA – has been expanding their operations in Hawaii. They will soon have extensive facilities located on Ford Island. Their research vessels will be a proud addition to the fleet at Pearl Harbor. The National Weather Service is administered by NOAA, and the Pacific Region of the National Weather Service administers their programs and facilities throughout a large expanse of the Pacific.
This area includes the Islands of Hawaii, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, the Republic of Palau, and south to American Samoa. The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center and the International Tsunami Information Center are also administered by the National Weather Service Pacific Region, providing Pacific-basin tsunami watches, warnings, and information and educational services to the disaster preparedness community and the general public.
Some of the interesting information available on the website includes all weather and climate information across the Pacific, especially current hazards, or conditions, Radar imagery and climatic data is up to the minute.
NOAA is administered by the Department of Commerce